How to reach Rome?



 

Capital city of Italy in Lazio, the provincial capital and seat of the papacy, with 2,535,018 inhabitants (2005), located on the downstream of the confluence of the River Tiber in this Aniene, about 26 km from the mouth into the Tyrrhenian Sea.

The river runs along this stretch the undulating region of the Roman countryside, by describing a number of twists and turns; The city rises from the valley floor and the last hills that flank the Tiber, before it widens in the plain wide and completely flat end.

In urban stretch the valley floor, Anel urban stretch the surface of the water of the Tiber is normally 12 m in height; the lowest of the hills, the Esquilino, reaches 31 m in height; the other on the left bank. They have a height between 47 and 57 of the Quirinale of the Capitol (to detect the slope of 34 m at which the Pincio, 51 m high, hanging over Piazza del Popolo).

Higher elevations are reached in the areas of more recent development: the Monti Parioli reach 67 m, the Vatican 80, the Janiculum 88, Monte Mario 146, with a vertical drop of about 130 m above the valley floor. Based on determining the morphology of this, the city has not been able to develop according to a single module; but, by observing the plant, you can notice easily various nuclei in radial plan, West, on limited areas, checkerboard, partly welded to each other. the roads are very frequent steep in the center, ramps, staircases.

The reliefs, as already said, are largely volcanic; on beautiful sections of tuffaceous materials they are visible on the left bank slopes of the Capitol (the overhang of the Tarpeian Rock), Aventine, in the Roman Forum, etc. As well as on the left (Parioli), it is above all the right of the Tiber, which is also well observed the sedimentary basement, made up of gray-blue marl and Pliocene sands, gravel and coarse material usually surmounted by volcanic materials (slopes of Monte Mario, Janiculum). Note, finally, that volcanic materials on the shore since. They come from Colli Albani, the ones on the right comes, at least in part, by Sabatini.

The flat areas are subject to the danger of flooding of the Tiber; in fact, for example, the surrounding areas Piazza Navona and the Mouth of Truth are about 1 m above the average level of the river. Very frequent in the city the tombstones that recall the level reached by the water of the river in full more ruinous. Such calamities was not completed until after the unification of Italy, with the construction of the embankments which constrain the course that river across the stretch urbano.mpio about 3 km at the confluence of the Aniene, it narrows to between 1-1.4 km Monte Mario and Parioli, then a few hundred meters between the Janiculum on the right, the Capitol, the Palatine and Aventine hills on the left

Along all major roads that branch off from the city, the buildings are uninterrupted stretch up to over 10 km from the walls (with the exception of the Via Appia archaeological site). Building development in the suburbs of 'extreme periphery was that of the 11 existing in 1951, five have already become part of the neighborhoods. The ring road, expressway bypass around the city describing a circle with ever greater radius to 20 km, is already in many places reached by urban buildings and in some cases (The Justine, Ciampino) exceeded.

Mappa di Roma





How to get in Rome by train


Roma Termini is the main railway station in Rome. Termini is situated in the center and is well served by public transportation such as taxi and bus. In terms exists the "Leonardo Express" service, which offers a direct link to the 'Rome Fiumicino Airport.
   
Rome Trastevere Station, is located at the point of joining the Rome Fiumicino Airport with the Roma-Viterbo, transiting also the metropolitan railways in the future will stop the trains will carry a Metropolitan Railway Service Circular.
   
Roma Tuscolana station
Ostiense Station
Rome's San Pietro station.


How to get in Rome by plane


The Leonardo da Vinci, also known as Fiumicino Airport, is the main airport. It is located thirty kilometers southwest of the center of Rome. All scheduled flights and most domestic flights arrive at Fiumicino.
   
There are several alternatives to reach the center of Rome from 'Fiumicino Airport. You can take the train or a taxi or rent a car.
   
A train service connects the airport to Termini, the main train station of the city. The trip takes trente minutes (or two hours if drivers are "slow" strike). Trains depart Fiumicino Airport every half hour between 7:50 and 22:05 (in the opposite direction trains leave from Termini from 6:54 to 21:22). Once you arrived at the airport, follow the parking and station signals to get to the train station. Buy your ticket at the station (open from 7 to 21 from Monday to Friday) or at ATMs.
   
Another train leaves Fiumicino every thirty minutes with destination Tiburtina station. It takes 40 minutes and stops at Trastevere Station, Ostiense and Tuscolana before reaching its destination. The first train leaves at 6:55 and the last at 22.55. At night there is a bus service. Buy the ticket from the vending machine. Buses leave every hour and arrive at Tiburtina station. It 'also possible to take a taxi, but the ride into the city center is very expensive. always be done using an official taxi and check that the meter is reset when you get on the car. The journey from Fiumicino should last only 30 minutes, but during peak hours can be up to two hours.
   
Another alternative is to rent a car in one of the Car. In both airports there are the major car rental agencies. But driving to Rome may sound very complicated, especially in the center.
    
From the arrivals area of  the 'Leonardo da Vinci airport in Fiumicino you need to head to the train stations Railway following the signs of the FS. Every 30 minutes a train from the airport to Termini Station. You can compreare the ticket (cost about 10 euros) in the adjacent tobacconists to the tracks. You can also take a taxi at a cost of about 45 euros.
    
There is also the possibility to use a service that acts as a shuttle bus every 30 minutes.
   
Rome's second airport is Ciampino. This airport serves mostly charter flights. Ciampino is seventeen kilometers south of Rome. From 7 to 23, a bus (tickets sold at newsstands) that connects Ciampino to Anagnina metro station. Anagni is located on the metro line A, which passes through Termini.
   
From Ciampino Airport you need to go in the square in front where there is the bus service. which connects the airport with the line A station. From there you must take the underground to Termini Station. As above, it is possible to take a taxi at a cost of about 40 euros.


How to get in Rome by car


To get to Rome by car or motorbike, you must reach the GRA, the ring road around Rome through one of the following motorways: the A1 from the north, from the south the A1 or A2, aa the west 'A12, the A24 from east the GRA is a very busy, especially during rush hours and on weekend evenings (when people come back from the weekend out of town), can become very boring with files that can reach up to several kilometers in length. It has 30 outputs leading to the city and the suburbs. To reach the center of Rome, follow the "Roma Centro" signs to Aurelia exits (North) or Appia (South).

Do not forget the international green card and the car documents. To travel on the highway have to pay a toll.

Avoid traveling to Rome by car or motorbike. Try to plan the tours that can be made by walking. If you're brave enough, you can rent a scooter and venturing out into the traffic of one of the most chaotic cities in the world.

In Italy the law prohibits the hitchhiking. Because of the dangers that can be reserved, especially for female travelers only, we do not recommend it as a means to reach Rome. If, however, you'll want to take that risk it is advisable to position themselves near or at toll dell'austostrada appocciare the stop motorists at petrol stations. Never hitchhike in places where it is dangerous to stay for the motorist!

Coming from Florence A1 motorway. Motorway towards Rome, exit at 'Roma Nord' and get on the ring road; then follow the direction Napoli-Tiburtina or Roma-Aquila and take exit number 13 (Tiburtina in the direction of the old town).
  
Coming from Naples, highway A2. Exit the highway towards the ring road (direction Firenze-Tiburtina) and take exit number 13 (Tiburtina, direction city center); follow it to the end.


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